Acculturation Model In second-language acquisition, the Acculturation Model is a theory proposed by John Schumann to describe the acquisition process of a. The Acculturation Model is a model of second language acquisition designed by John H. Schumann () and it is based on the. Schumann’s Acculturation Model – Free download as PDF File .pdf), Text File . txt) or read online for free.

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Acculturation Model | Revolvy

Skip to main content. Log In Sign Up. Schumann Defines Acculturation as: Psychological distance, on the other hand, deals with affective factors that concern the learner as individual. In order to acculturate and hence to be able to minimize the social and psychological distance, so that a good learning situation a situation which supports a L2 learner to gain success in learning the target language TL — can be reached.

Schumann said that socially, a good Learning situation will be present if: The target language TL group and the second language learner L2 group are equal politically, technically and economically 2.

Both the TL and the L2 groups desire that L2 group will assimilate 3. There is a low enclosure the L2 group wants to share social facilities with the TL group 4. The L2 group is not cohesive 5. The size of the L2 group is small 6.


The culture of the two groups is congruent 7. The two groups have positive attitude to each other 8. The L2 group wants to stay in the TL area for an extended period of time. Psychologically, a good learning situation is obtained acculturatiion the L2 learner does not experience cultural shock, language shock and language stress.

Acculturation Model

The claims which he makes for each of the sociocultural variables include the following: If the second-language learning 2LL group is politically, culturally, technically or economically dominant to or subordinate to the target language TL group, social contact between the two groups will tend not to be sufficient for optimal acculturatin language acquisition.

If they are nearly equal in status, then there will be more contact between the two groups and thus, acquisition of the target language will be enhanced.

The best condition for L2 acquisition is obtained when the accultturation group wants to aculturation into the TL group. The second best condition occurs when the 2LL group wants to adapt to the TL culture for intragroup interaction without assimilating to it. The least favorable conditions obtain for acquiring the L2 when the 2LL group wishes to remain separated linguistically and culturally from the TL group. The more the 2LL groups share social institutions such as schools, churches, workplaces, clubs, and others with the TL group, the more favorable the conditions will be for L2 acquisition.

The smaller and less cohesive the 2LL group, the schumznn likely the contact with the TL group and the more favorable the conditions for L2 acquisition. The more similar the culture of the two groups, the more likely there will be social contact and thus language acquisition. The longer L2 learners plan to remain in the L2 environment, the more likely it is that they will feel the necessity of learning acculturatioon TL.


There are also four affective variables included in Schumann’s acculturation model, they are: Language shock, or the sschumann to which speaking the new language makes the learner feel foolish or comical; 2.

Culture shock, the extent to which the learner feels disoriented and uncomfortable with extended residence in a new culture; 3.

Ego permeability, the ability of the learner to accept a new identity associated with the belonging to a new speech community, and 4. Motivation, the degree and type of desire experienced by the learner to acquire the L2.

Acculturation Model – Wikipedia

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