gangguan pada hipofisis anterior atau pada gangguan pada sistem syaraf pusat Amenore sekunder juga bisa disebabkan oleh penyakit. Tetapi terbaik. Kehamilan adalah penyebab paling umum dari amenore sekunder. ikasi rhea sekunder • tidak adanya menstruasi selama lebih dari tiga siklus. Amenore Sekunder. Disusun Oleh: Woris Christoper I Dosen Pembimbing dr. Vidia Sari, Kepanitraan Klinik SMF Ilmu Kesehatan Wanita.

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Female diseases of the pelvis and genitals N70—N99— Retrieved from ” https: Amenorrhoea is often associated with anorexia nervosa and other eating disorders, which have their own effects. Young athletes are particularly vulnerable, although normal menses usually return with healthy body weight. Clinical Gynecologic Endocrinology and Infertility. Clinical Reproduction and Fertility.

Pelvic congestion syndrome Pelvic inflammatory disease.

Outside the reproductive years, there is absence of menses during childhood and after menopause. Infobox medical condition new Pages using infobox medical condition with unknown parameters. Amenorrhoea is a symptom with many potential causes. Persistent genital arousal disorder.

When a woman is experiencing amenorrhoea, an eating disorderand osteoporosis together, this is called female athlete triad syndrome. A Case-Based, Clinical Guide. Reductions in age of menarche and lower fertility rates mean that modern women menstruate far more often than they did under the conditions prevalent for most of human evolutionary history.

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Amenorrhea – Wikipedia

The American Journal of Psychiatry. This page was last edited on 28 Novemberat The hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian axis is functional. Intrauterine adhesions Asherman’s syndrome. A dopamine agonist can often help relieve symptoms.


Dyspareunia Hypoactive sexual desire disorder Sexual arousal disorder Vaginismus. However, SSRI therapy represents a possible hormonal solution to just one hormonal condition of hypothalamic amenorrhoea. Gonadal dysgenesis, including Turner syndromeis the most common cause.

The ovary or gonad does not respond to pituitary stimulation. Energy imbalance and weight loss can disrupt menstrual cycles through several hormonal mechanisms.

Extended cycle combined hormonal contraceptive Lactational amenorrhea. Archived from the original on 4 January Female infertility Fallopian tube obstruction Hematosalpinx Hydrosalpinx Salpingitis.

A woman in this situation may be unable to become pregnant, even with the help of drugs. Secondary amenorrhea is also caused by stress, extreme weight loss, or excessive exercise.

Gonadal dysgenesis, often associated with Turner’s Syndromeor premature ovarian failure may also be to blame. Exercise amenorrhoea, related to physical exercisestress amenorrhoea, eating disorders and weight loss obesity, anorexia nervosaor bulimia Pituitary: Anti-psychotic drugs used to treat schizophrenia have been known to cause amenorrhoea as well. The term is derived from Greek: In the absence of undescended testes, an MRI can amenpre used to determine whether or not a uterus is present.


Archived from the original on The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism.

Low oestrogen levels are seen in these patients and the hypo-oestrogenism may require treatment. Breastfeeding is a common cause of secondary amenorrhoea, and often the condition lasts for over six months.

Amenorre amenorrhoea leads to an estrogen deficiency which can bring about menopause at an early age. New research suggests that adding a dosage of Metformin to an anti-psychotic drug regimen can restore menstruation.

Gonadal, usually ovarian, abnormalities tend to be linked to elevated FSH levels or hypergonadotropic amenorrhoea. Endometrium Asherman’s syndrome Dysfunctional uterine bleeding Endometrial hyperplasia Endometrial polyp Endometriosis Endometritis.

R-metHuLeptin has appeared effective in restoring defects in the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis and improving reproductive, thyroid, and IGF hormones, as well as bone formation, thus curing the amenorrhoea and infertility.