This manual, the infamous KUBARK Counterintelligence Interrogation, dated July , is the source of much of the material in the second manual. KUBARK. Essential Guide to Interrogation and Torture: CIA KUBARK Counterintelligence Interrogation Manual, Human Resource Exploitation Training Manual, Art and. KUBARK Manual: A User’s Guide to Torture? – The KUBARK manual was written by the CIA in the s as a means of standardizing interrogation techniques.
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Interrogations conducted under compulsion or duress are especially likely to involve illegality and to entail damaging consequences for KUBARK. Click here to go to the current kubar, digest or pick another article:.
The witness claims that the interrogatee is only incidentally a courier, that actually he is the head of an RIS kidnapping gang. The establishment of rapport is the second principal purpose of the opening phase of the interrogation. As interrogation interrkgation, optimistic characters respond best to a kindly, parental approach. Why does a person convict himself through a confession, when, at the very worst, no confession would leave him at least as well off and possibly better off?
The agency conducted trials investigating the effects of sensory deprivation [source: No two interrogations are the same.
Interrogation rooms should be windowless, soundproof, dark and without toilets. I feel, personally, that he was exaggerating a great deal. If statements rest on assumptions, the facts upon which the conclusions are based are necessary to evaluation. School of Americas training manual titles .
But no one of them is persistently dominant; the average man’s qualities of obstinacy, unrealistic optimism, anxiety, and the rest are not overriding or imperious except for relatively short intervals. The circulation of the blood to the lower leg is partially cut off, thereby causing a slight lift or movement of the free foot with each heart beat.
Arrangements are usually made to record the interrogation, transmit it to another room, or do both. But sound interrogation nevertheless rests upon a knowledge of the subject matter and on certain broad principles, chiefly psychological, which are not hard to understand. The handling and questioning of defectors are subject to the provisions of [one or two words deleted] Directive No. With this common understanding established, the interrogation can move on to impersonal matters and will counterintellignce later be thwarted or interrupted — or at least not as often — by irrelevant answers designed not to provide facts but to prove that the interrogatee is a respectable member of the human race.
Even if the file contains little or nothing but blank paper, the air of familiarity with which the interrogator refers to the subject’s background can convince some sources that all is known and that resistance is futile.
Patterns from intsrrogation Past”. During the opening phase the interrogator has gone along with this protective mechanism. In the course of several sessions conducted without note-taking, the subject is likely to fall into the comfortable illusion that he is counteirntelligence talking for the record.
Even though the interrogator now has the screening amnual, the rough classification by type, he needs to understand the subject in his own terms.
Interrogators who adopt them and who note in an interrogatee one or two of the characteristics of “Type A” may mistakenly assign the source to Category A and assume the remaining traits. These manuals recommend arresting suspects early in the morning by surprise, blindfolding them, and stripping them naked. Such items should be entered into the record, but it is normally preferable not to diverge from an impersonal topic in order to follow a biographic lead.
The kind and intensity of anticipated resistance is estimated. The initially resistant subject may become cooperative because of a partial identification with the interrogator and his interests, or the source may make such an identification because of his cooperation. If a new safehouse is to be used as the interrogation site, it should be studied carefully to be sure that the total environment can be manipulated as desired. The self-esteem of the interrogatee and of the interrogator becomes involved, and the interrogatee fights to keep his secrets from his opponent for subjective reasons, because he is grimly determined not to be the loser, the inferior.
The subject is likeliest to talk freely if the screener’s manner is friendly and patient. For example, the electric counterintellgience should interrohation known in advance, so that transformers or other modifying devices will be on hand if needed.
CIA declassifies new portions of Cold War-era interrogation manual • MuckRock
In fact, he may provoke unjust treatment in order to assuage his conscience through punishment. Acquaintances often feel that his kubar is just around the corner, but something always intervenes.
He starts by asking why confessions occur at all.
Counteeintelligence treatises on interrogation are emphatic about the value of arranging the lighting so that its source is behind the interrogator and glares directly at the subject. As interrogatees these people who “cannot stand prosperity” pose no special problem unless the interrogation impinges upon their feelings of guilt or the reasons for their past failures.
CIA declassifies new portions of Cold War-era interrogation manual
There have been many subsequent revelations and declassifications by the U. Practices like starvation, keeping inmates in small, windowless cells with unchanging artificial light and forcing inmates to sit or stand in uncomfortable positions stress positions for long periods of time have been decried or banned outright by the United States government.
One of these is to place the interrogatee in an outer office and escort past him, and into the inner office, an accuser whom he knows personally or, in fact, any person — even one who is countsrintelligence to the source and uncooperative with the interrogators — who is believed to know something about whatever the interrogatee is concealing. Horowitz has been quoted and summarized at some length because it is considered that the foregoing is a basically sound account of the processes that evoke confessions from sources whose resistance is not strong at the outset, who have not previously-been confronted with detention and interrogation, and who have not been trained by an adversary manul or security service in resistance techniques.
Click here to cancel reply. As a general rule, it is difficult to succeed in the CI interrogation of a resistant source unless the interrogating service can control the subject and his environment for as long as proves necessary.
This is the oldest manual, and describes the use of abusive techniques, as exemplified by two references to the use of electric shock, in addition to use of threats and fear, sensory deprivation, and isolation. It is a fundamental hypothesis of this handbook that these techniques, which can succeed even with highly resistant sources, are in essence methods of inducing regression of the personality to whatever earlier and weaker level is required for the dissolution of resistance and the inculcation of dependence.
Or they may have been “model” children who repressed all natural hostilities. As was pointed out earlier, KUBARK’s lack of executive authority abroad and its operational need for facelessness make it peculiarly vulnerable to attack in the courts or the press. Wikisource has original text related to this article: If he has met severe frustrations in later childhood, he may be petulant, vengeful, and constantly demanding.