One of such is the Gadaa system of the Oromo People. . Hallpike, C. R., “ Review: The Origins of the Borana Gada System,” Reviewed. Oromo elites, Abba Gadaa (father of Gadaa), historians most often say that it is The Gada system is largely practised by the Oromo people. Was it a system used through out Oromia or was it prevalent in one region of Oromia The Gada system spread with the migration and intermingle of the Oromo.

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The Qaallu, the religious leader, leads the ritual ceremonies, such as blessing Gada officials and operations. The election of Gadaa councilors at this stage also serves as transition from grade three to grade four. Make public decisions i. These were age regiments consisting of the married Gada gasa members, Qeerroo bachelors and qondala youth.

Oditu, Karrayu, Qaalluu of Borena clan as well as great Qaalluu of Gujii clan were said to be originally descendants from heaven. That is forty years long.

Gadaa has been criticized for being patriarchal, as it excludes women from political affairs. In the Gadaa System both Kallachaa and Caaccuu are the ritual materials used for demonstration of the Oromo society at large. A futuristic, governance 2. The centrality of the Gada system in Oromo social life gradually declined in many parts of Oromia and Eystem political activities progressively transformed into simple life crisis and rituals.

The entire class progresses through eleven series grades. What social functions and cultural meanings does the Gada system have today for its community?


It serves as a mechanism for enforcing moral conduct, building social cohesion, and expressing forms of community culture.

There are minimal ranking between senior and junior councilors. The assembly discusses cases of high degree, making law legislationreviewing the existing laws, assesses if there is decline in law and careless violation of the law.

The Yuba take part in Gada Assembly and indeed have some residual political power in the Assembly. The legislative and adjudicatory supremacy of the general assembly is historically conditioned and culturally deep-rooted. The conceptualisation systtem the postcolonial state in Africa is also highly influenced by the present predicaments see: In the Gada System, marriage ceremonies constitute a rite of passage from Kusa to Raba Dori grade for most of the members of the class.

Horn Affairs

Gadaa is sustem holistic system of governance encompassing: The first forty years of the total life cycle of eighty years is an active generation which is divided into five segments each having a time spam of eight years. The four inscribed cultural heritages in need of urgent safeguarding are: The three age regiments in other systfm are age-sets belonging to grade IV, V and grade VI of the Gada stages of development.

Accessed in July, orono The fifth grade is collectively called the warrior class. Their positions are linked with those of their sons. A brief summary description of the Gada system The Oromo are known for their remarkable indigenous democratic socio-political system known as the Gada which they have kept working for the last five centuries. So, both bear the same type of ritual leaders of Gadaa institution.

Women also take part in the assembly but do not deliberate – they arrive at the assembly last and leave first – last in first out!


The researches explain that the Gada system greatly believes in rigorous practical or actual testing of the candidates before they assume office unlike western democracy which in most cases exclusively relies on election. It refers to temporal and religious institution in the Oromo society. They campaign on behalf of their sons. It would be very difficult to define and easily know the meaning of Gadaa unless we split it into the religious, political, and cultural institutions.

The Gadaa System of the Oromo People | Participedia

Another one of the distinctive features pointed out is the testing period of elected leaders. Oroomo was purely invented by the Oromo and it is one of the most remarkable political systems which was highly democratic with effective legislative and judicial institutions. They went on to argue that those who assume the position control most of the authority and wealth of the country.

Within forty years, all five parties systek their nation constituting ‘One Gadaa’. The assembly sywtem led by a speaker – ex- Abba Gadaa. Thus, an understanding of the System by different communities helps for inter-cultural dialogue and encourage mutual respect. There is deep personal identification between the members of the class and their leadership. Gada, a puzzle or a Maze? Oromo oral traditional also supports the above view. Below is an article published by walta info: